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2013
11-09

POJ 1276 Cash Machine [解题报告] Java

Cash Machine

问题描述 :

A Bank plans to install a machine for cash withdrawal. The machine is able to deliver appropriate @ bills for a requested cash amount. The machine uses exactly N distinct bill denominations, say Dk, k=1,N, and for each denomination Dk the machine has a supply of nk bills. For example,

N=3, n1=10, D1=100, n2=4, D2=50, n3=5, D3=10

means the machine has a supply of 10 bills of @100 each, 4 bills of @50 each, and 5 bills of @10 each.

Call cash the requested amount of cash the machine should deliver and write a program that computes the maximum amount of cash less than or equal to cash that can be effectively delivered according to the available bill supply of the machine.

Notes:

@ is the symbol of the currency delivered by the machine. For instance, @ may stand for dollar, euro, pound etc.

输入:

The program input is from standard input. Each data set in the input stands for a particular transaction and has the format:

cash N n1 D1 n2 D2 … nN DN

where 0 <= cash <= 100000 is the amount of cash requested, 0 <=N <= 10 is the number of bill denominations and 0 <= nk <= 1000 is the number of available bills for the Dk denomination, 1 <= Dk <= 1000, k=1,N. White spaces can occur freely between the numbers in the input. The input data are correct.

输出:

For each set of data the program prints the result to the standard output on a separate line as shown in the examples below.

样例输入:

735 3  4 125  6 5  3 350
633 4  500 30  6 100  1 5  0 1
735 0
0 3  10 100  10 50  10 10

样例输出:

735
630
0
0

温馨提示:

The first data set designates a transaction where the amount of cash requested is @735. The machine contains 3 bill denominations: 4 bills of @125, 6 bills of @5, and 3 bills of @350. The machine can deliver the exact amount of requested cash.

In the second case the bill supply of the machine does not fit the exact amount of cash requested. The maximum cash that can be delivered is @630. Notice that there can be several possibilities to combine the bills in the machine for matching the delivered cash.

In the third case the machine is empty and no cash is delivered. In the fourth case the amount of cash requested is @0 and, therefore, the machine delivers no cash.

解题代码:

import java.util.Scanner;

public class Main {

    static int[] value = new int[100];
    static int[] dp = new int[100001];

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Scanner s;
        try {
            // s = new Scanner(new InputStreamReader(new FileInputStream(
            // "c:\\1.txt")));
            s = new Scanner(System.in);
            while (s.hasNextInt()) {

                int total = s.nextInt();
                int kind = s.nextInt();

                int count = 0;

                for (int i = 0; i < kind; i++) {
                    int a = s.nextInt();
                    int b = s.nextInt();
                    int k = 1;
                    while (a - k >= 0) {
                        a -= k;
                        value[count++] = k * b;
                        k *= 2;
                    }
                    if (a > 0)
                        value[count++] = a * b;

                }
                if (total == 0 || kind == 0 || count == 0) {
                    System.out.println(0);
                    continue;
                }
                for (int i = 1; i <= total; i++)
                    dp[i] = 0;
                dp[0] = 1;
                for (int i = 0; i < count; i++)
                    for (int j = total; j >= value[i]; j--)
                        if (dp[j] == 0)
                            dp[j] = dp[j - value[i]];
                for (int i = total; i >= 0; i--)
                    if (dp[i] > 0) {
                        System.out.println(i);
                        break;
                    }

            }

        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.exit(0);
        }

    }

}

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  2. 我没看懂题目
    2
    5 6 -1 5 4 -7
    7 0 6 -1 1 -6 7 -5
    我觉得第一个应该是5 6 -1 5 4 输出是19 5 4
    第二个是7 0 6 -1 1 -6 7输出是14 7 7
    不知道题目例子是怎么得出来的