2013
11-09

# Factorial

The most important part of a GSM network is so called Base Transceiver Station (BTS). These transceivers form the areas called cells (this term gave the name to the cellular phone) and every phone connects to the BTS with the strongest signal (in a little simplified view). Of course, BTSes need some attention and technicians need to check their function periodically.

ACM technicians faced a very interesting problem recently. Given a set of BTSes to visit, they needed to find the shortest path to visit all of the given points and return back to the central company building. Programmers have spent several months studying this problem but with no results. They were unable to find the solution fast enough. After a long time, one of the programmers found this problem in a conference article. Unfortunately, he found that the problem is so called “Travelling Salesman Problem” and it is very hard to solve. If we have N BTSes to be visited, we can visit them in any order, giving us N! possibilities to examine. The function expressing that number is called factorial and can be computed as a product 1.2.3.4….N. The number is very high even for a relatively small N.

The programmers understood they had no chance to solve the problem. But because they have already received the research grant from the government, they needed to continue with their studies and produce at least some results. So they started to study behaviour of the factorial function.

For example, they defined the function Z. For any positive integer N, Z(N) is the number of zeros at the end of the decimal form of number N!. They noticed that this function never decreases. If we have two numbers N1 < N2, then Z(N1) <= Z(N2). It is because we can never "lose" any trailing zero by multiplying by any positive number. We can only get new and new zeros. The function Z is very interesting, so we need a computer program that can determine its value efficiently.

There is a single positive integer T on the first line of input. It stands for the number of numbers to follow. Then there is T lines, each containing exactly one positive integer number N, 1 <= N <= 1000000000.

For every number N, output a single line containing the single non-negative integer Z(N).

6
3
60
100
1024
23456
8735373

0
14
24
253
5861
2183837

import java.util.*;
import java.math.*;

public class Main {

public static void main(String[] args) {
Scanner cin = new Scanner(System.in);

int num = Integer.valueOf(cin.nextLine()).intValue();

for(int i = 0; i < num; i++)
{
int raw = Integer.valueOf(cin.nextLine()).intValue();

int znum = getZNum(raw);

System.out.println(znum);
}

}

private static int getZNum(int input)
{
int output = 0;
int power = 1;
while(input >= Math.pow(5, power))
{
output += input / (int)(Math.pow(5, power));
power++;
}
return output;
}
}

1. 学算法中的数据结构学到一定程度会乐此不疲的，比如其中的2－3树，类似的红黑树，我甚至可以自己写个逻辑文件系统结构来。

2. [email protected]

3. 额楼主能否在发布代码的同时对解题思路做个讲解呢？这样大家在学习的时候就方便多了。