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2013
11-09

POJ 1405 Heritage [解题报告] Java

Heritage

问题描述 :

Your rich uncle died recently, and the heritage needs to be divided among your relatives and the church (your uncle insisted in his will that the church must get something). There are N relatives (N <= 18) that were mentioned in the will. They are sorted in descending order according to their importance (the first one is the most important). Since you are the computer scientist in the family, your relatives asked you to help them. They need help, because there are some blanks in the will left to be filled. Here is how the will looks:

Relative #1 will get 1 / … of the whole heritage,

Relative #2 will get 1 / … of the whole heritage,

———————- …

Relative #n will get 1 / … of the whole heritage.

The logical desire of the relatives is to fill the blanks in such way that the uncle’s will is preserved (i.e the fractions are non-ascending and the church gets something) and the amount of heritage left for the church is minimized.

输入:

The only line of input contains the single integer N (1 <= N <= 18).

输出:

Output the numbers that the blanks need to be filled (on separate lines), so that the heritage left for the church is minimized.

样例输入:

2

样例输出:

2
3

解题代码:

import java.io.BufferedInputStream;   
import java.math.BigDecimal;   
import java.util.ArrayList;   
import java.util.Scanner;   
public class Main {   
  
    public static void main(String[] args) {   
        Scanner scan = new Scanner(new BufferedInputStream(System.in));   
        if (scan.hasNext()) {   
            int n = scan.nextInt();   
            ArrayList results = new ArrayList(18);   
            results.add(0, new BigDecimal(2));   
            for (int i = 1; i < 18; i++) {   
                BigDecimal last = results.get(i - 1);   
                BigDecimal temp = (last.add(BigDecimal.ONE.negate())).multiply(last).add(BigDecimal.ONE);   
                results.add(i, temp);   
            }   
            for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++) {   
                System.out.println(results.get(i - 1));   
            }   
        }   
    }   
}

  1. a是根先忽略掉,递归子树。剩下前缀bejkcfghid和后缀jkebfghicd,分拆的原则的是每个子树前缀和后缀的节点个数是一样的,根节点出现在前缀的第一个,后缀的最后一个。根节点b出现后缀的第四个位置,则第一部分为四个节点,前缀bejk,后缀jkeb,剩下的c出现在后缀的倒数第2个,就划分为cfghi和 fghic,第3部分就为c、c

  2. 一开始就规定不相邻节点颜色相同,可能得不到最优解。我想个类似的算法,也不确定是否总能得到最优解:先着一个点,随机挑一个相邻点,着第二色,继续随机选一个点,但必须至少有一个边和已着点相邻,着上不同色,当然尽量不增加新色,直到完成。我还找不到反例验证他的错误。。希望LZ也帮想想, 有想法欢迎来邮件。谢谢

  3. int half(int *array,int len,int key)
    {
    int l=0,r=len;
    while(l<r)
    {
    int m=(l+r)>>1;
    if(key>array )l=m+1;
    else if(key<array )r=m;
    else return m;
    }
    return -1;
    }
    这种就能避免一些Bug
    l,m,r
    左边是l,m;右边就是m+1,r;

  4. #include <stdio.h>
    int main()
    {
    int n,p,t[100]={1};
    for(int i=1;i<100;i++)
    t =i;
    while(scanf("%d",&n)&&n!=0){
    if(n==1)
    printf("Printing order for 1 pages:nSheet 1, front: Blank, 1n");
    else {
    if(n%4) p=n/4+1;
    else p=n/4;
    int q=4*p;
    printf("Printing order for %d pages:n",n);
    for(int i=0;i<p;i++){
    printf("Sheet %d, front: ",i+1);
    if(q>n) {printf("Blank, %dn",t[2*i+1]);}
    else {printf("%d, %dn",q,t[2*i+1]);}
    q–;//打印表前
    printf("Sheet %d, back : ",i+1);
    if(q>n) {printf("%d, Blankn",t[2*i+2]);}
    else {printf("%d, %dn",t[2*i+2],q);}
    q–;//打印表后
    }
    }
    }
    return 0;
    }

  5. a是根先忽略掉,递归子树。剩下前缀bejkcfghid和后缀jkebfghicd,分拆的原则的是每个子树前缀和后缀的节点个数是一样的,根节点出现在前缀的第一个,后缀的最后一个。根节点b出现后缀的第四个位置,则第一部分为四个节点,前缀bejk,后缀jkeb,剩下的c出现在后缀的倒数第2个,就划分为cfghi和 fghic,第3部分就为c、c