2013
11-09

# Doubles

As part of an arithmetic competency program, your students will be given randomly generated lists of from 2 to 15 unique positive integers and asked to determine how many items in each list are twice some other item in the same list. You will need a program to help you with the grading. This program should be able to scan the lists and output the correct answer for each one. For example, given the list

1 4 3 2 9 7 18 22

your program should answer 3, as 2 is twice 1, 4 is twice 2, and 18 is twice 9.

The input will consist of one or more lists of numbers. There will be one list of numbers per line. Each list will contain from 2 to 15 unique positive integers. No integer will be larger than 99. Each line will be terminated with the integer 0, which is not considered part of the list. A line with the single number -1 will mark the end of the file. The example input below shows 3 separate lists. Some lists may not contain any doubles.

The output will consist of one line per input list, containing a count of the items that are double some other item.

1 4 3 2 9 7 18 22 0
2 4 8 10 0
7 5 11 13 1 3 0
-1

3
2
0

import java.util.*;

public class Main {

public static void main(String[] args) {
Scanner cin = new Scanner(System.in);

while(true)
{
String temp = cin.nextLine();
if(temp.equals("-1"))
break;
temp = temp.substring(0, temp.length()-1).trim();

int[] num = new int[15];
String[] str = temp.split(" ");
for(int i = 0; i < str.length; i++)
num[i] = Integer.valueOf(str[i]).intValue();

int result = 0;
for(int i = 0; i < str.length; i++)
{
for(int j = 0; j < str.length; j++)
if(num[i] == num[j] * 2)
result++;
}
System.out.println(result);
}

}

}

1. 可以根据二叉排序树的定义进行严格的排序树创建和后序遍历操作。如果形成的排序树相同，其树的前、中、后序遍历是相同的，但在此处不能使用中序遍历，因为，中序遍历的结果就是排序的结果。经在九度测试，运行时间90ms，比楼主的要快。

2. #include <cstdio>
#include <algorithm>

struct LWPair{
int l,w;
};

int main() {
//freopen("input.txt","r",stdin);
const int MAXSIZE=5000, MAXVAL=10000;
LWPair sticks[MAXSIZE];
int store[MAXSIZE];
int ncase, nstick, length,width, tmp, time, i,j;
if(scanf("%d",&ncase)!=1) return -1;
while(ncase– && scanf("%d",&nstick)==1) {
for(i=0;i<nstick;++i) scanf("%d%d",&sticks .l,&sticks .w);
std::sort(sticks,sticks+nstick,[](const LWPair &lhs, const LWPair &rhs) { return lhs.l>rhs.l || lhs.l==rhs.l && lhs.w>rhs.w; });
for(time=-1,i=0;i<nstick;++i) {
tmp=sticks .w;
for(j=time;j>=0 && store >=tmp;–j) ; // search from right to left
if(j==time) { store[++time]=tmp; }
else { store[j+1]=tmp; }
}
printf("%dn",time+1);
}
return 0;
}