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2013
11-10

POJ 1731 Orders [解题报告] Java

Orders

问题描述 :

The stores manager has sorted all kinds of goods in an alphabetical order of their labels. All the kinds having labels starting with the same letter are stored in the same warehouse (i.e. in the same building) labelled with this letter. During the day the stores manager receives and books the orders of goods which are to be delivered from the store. Each order requires only one kind of goods. The stores manager processes the requests in the order of their booking.

You know in advance all the orders which will have to be processed by the stores manager today, but you do not know their booking order. Compute all possible ways of the visits of warehouses for the stores manager to settle all the demands piece after piece during the day.

输入:

Input contains a single line with all labels of the requested goods (in random order). Each kind of goods is represented by the starting letter of its label. Only small letters of the English alphabet are used. The number of orders doesn’t exceed 200.

输出:

Output will contain all possible orderings in which the stores manager may visit his warehouses. Every warehouse is represented by a single small letter of the English alphabet — the starting letter of the label of the goods. Each ordering of warehouses is written in the output file only once on a separate line and all the lines containing orderings have to be sorted in an alphabetical order (see the example). No output will exceed 2 megabytes.

样例输入:

bbjd

样例输出:

bbdj
bbjd
bdbj
bdjb
bjbd
bjdb
dbbj
dbjb
djbb
jbbd
jbdb
jdbb

解题代码:

//* @author:
import java.util.*;
//有重复的排列
public class Main {
	static Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
	static boolean nextPermutation(char[] s) {
		int i;
		for(i=s.length-1; i>0; --i)
			if(s[i-1]< s[i]) break;
		if(i==0) return false;
		--i;
		int k=i+1;
		for(int j=i+2; j< s.length; ++j)
			if(s[i]< s[j]) k = j;
		{
			char x=s[i];
			s[i] = s[k];
			s[k] = x;
		}
		for(int j=i+1; j<=(s.length+i)/2; ++j) {
			char x=s[j];
			k=s.length+i-j;
			s[j] = s[k];
			s[k] = x;
		}
		return true;
	}
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		char[] s = in.next().toCharArray();
		Arrays.sort(s);
		do {
			System.out.println(s);
		} while(nextPermutation(s));
	}
}

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