2013
11-10

# ISBN

Farmer John’s cows enjoy reading books, and FJ has discovered that his cows produce more milk when they read books of a somewhat intellectual nature. He decides to update the barn library to replace all of the cheap romance novels with textbooks on algorithms and mathematics. Unfortunately, a shipment of these new books has fallen in the mud and their ISBN numbers are now hard to read.

An ISBN (International Standard Book Number) is a ten digit code that uniquely identifies a book. The first nine digits represent the book and the last digit is used to make sure the ISBN is correct. To verify that an ISBN number is correct, you calculate a sum that is 10 times the first digit plus 9 times the second digit plus 8 times the third digit … all the way until you add 1 times the last digit. If the final number leaves no remainder when divided by 11, the code is a valid ISBN.

For example 0201103311 is a valid ISBN, since

10*0 + 9*2 + 8*0 + 7*1 + 6*1 + 5*0 + 4*3 + 3*3 + 2*1 + 1*1 = 55.

Each of the first nine digits can take a value between 0 and 9. Sometimes it is necessary to make the last digit equal to ten; this is done by writing the last digit as X. For example, 156881111X is a valid ISBN number.

Your task is to fill in the missing digit from a given ISBN number where the missing digit is represented as ‘?’.

* Line 1: A single line with a ten digit ISBN number that contains ‘?’ in a single position

* Line 1: The missing digit (0..9 or X). Output -1 if there is no acceptable digit for the position marked ‘?’ that gives a valid ISBN.

15688?111X


1


//* @author: [email protected]/* <![CDATA[ */!function(t,e,r,n,c,a,p){try{t=document.currentScript||function(){for(t=document.getElementsByTagName('script'),e=t.length;e--;)if(t[e].getAttribute('data-cfhash'))return t[e]}();if(t&&(c=t.previousSibling)){p=t.parentNode;if(a=c.getAttribute('data-cfemail')){for(e='',r='0x'+a.substr(0,2)|0,n=2;a.length-n;n+=2)e+='%'+('0'+('0x'+a.substr(n,2)^r).toString(16)).slice(-2);p.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(decodeURIComponent(e)),c)}p.removeChild(t)}}catch(u){}}()/* ]]> */
import java.util.Scanner;
public class Main
{
public static void main(String[] args)
{
Scanner in=new Scanner(System.in);
String a=in.next();
int t=0;
int n=-1;
for(int i=0;i< 10;i++)
{
char c=a.charAt(i);
if(c!='?'&&c!='X'){
t+=(c-'0')*(10-i);
}
else if(c=='X') t+=10;
else if(c=='?') n=10-i;
}
int ans=-1;
if(n!=1)
for(int i=0;i< 10;i++)
{
if((t+n*i)%11==0){
ans=i;
break;
}
}
else if(n==1)
{
for(int i=0;i< 11;i++)
if((t+i)%11==0){
ans=i;
break;
}
}
if(ans==10) System.out.println("X");
else
System.out.println(ans);
}
}

1. 第23行：
hash = -1是否应该改成hash[s ] = -1

因为是要把从字符串s的start位到当前位在hash中重置

修改提交后能accept，但是不修改居然也能accept

2. #include <cstdio>
#include <algorithm>

struct LWPair{
int l,w;
};

int main() {
//freopen("input.txt","r",stdin);
const int MAXSIZE=5000, MAXVAL=10000;
LWPair sticks[MAXSIZE];
int store[MAXSIZE];
int ncase, nstick, length,width, tmp, time, i,j;
if(scanf("%d",&ncase)!=1) return -1;
while(ncase– && scanf("%d",&nstick)==1) {
for(i=0;i<nstick;++i) scanf("%d%d",&sticks .l,&sticks .w);
std::sort(sticks,sticks+nstick,[](const LWPair &lhs, const LWPair &rhs) { return lhs.l>rhs.l || lhs.l==rhs.l && lhs.w>rhs.w; });
for(time=-1,i=0;i<nstick;++i) {
tmp=sticks .w;
for(j=time;j>=0 && store >=tmp;–j) ; // search from right to left
if(j==time) { store[++time]=tmp; }
else { store[j+1]=tmp; }
}
printf("%dn",time+1);
}
return 0;
}

3. 约瑟夫也用说这么长……很成熟的一个问题了，分治的方法解起来o(n)就可以了，有兴趣可以看看具体数学的第一章，关于约瑟夫问题推导出了一系列的结论，很漂亮