2013
11-11

# Logs Stacking

Daxinganling produces a lot of timber. Before loading onto trains, the timberjacks will place the logs to some place in the open air first. Looking from the sideway, the figure of a logs stack is as follows:

We have known that the number of logs in each layer is fewer than the lower layer for at least one log, and that in each layer the logs are connected in a line. In the figure above, there are 12 logs in the bottom layer of the stack. Now, given the number of logs in the bottom layer, the timberjacks want to know how many possible figures there may be.

The first line of input contains the number of test cases T (1 <= T <= 1000000). Then T lines follow. Every line only contains a number n (1 <= n <= 2000000000) representing the number of logs in the bottom layer.

For each test case in the input, you should output the corresponding number of possible figures. Because the number may be very large, just output the number mod 10^5.

4
1
2
3
5


1
2
5
34



//* @author: [email protected]/* <![CDATA[ */!function(t,e,r,n,c,a,p){try{t=document.currentScript||function(){for(t=document.getElementsByTagName('script'),e=t.length;e--;)if(t[e].getAttribute('data-cfhash'))return t[e]}();if(t&&(c=t.previousSibling)){p=t.parentNode;if(a=c.getAttribute('data-cfemail')){for(e='',r='0x'+a.substr(0,2)|0,n=2;a.length-n;n+=2)e+='%'+('0'+('0x'+a.substr(n,2)^r).toString(16)).slice(-2);p.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(decodeURIComponent(e)),c)}p.removeChild(t)}}catch(u){}}()/* ]]> */
import java.io.*;
class Main
{
public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException

InputStreamReader is=new InputStreamReader(System.in);
BufferedReader in=new BufferedReader(is);
int a=Integer.parseInt(in.readLine());
int[] fb=new int[75000];
fb[0]=1;
fb[1]=1;
for(int i=2;i< 75000;i++)
fb[i]=(3*fb[i-1]-fb[i-2]+200000)%100000;
while((a--)!=0)
{
int b=Integer.parseInt(in.readLine());
System.out.println(fb[b%75000]);
}
}
}

1. 第一句可以忽略不计了吧。从第二句开始分析，说明这个花色下的所有牌都会在其它里面出现，那么还剩下♠️和♦️。第三句，可以排除2和7，因为在两种花色里有。现在是第四句，因为♠️还剩下多个，只有是♦️B才能知道答案。

2. 第二个方法挺不错。NewHead代表新的头节点，通过递归找到最后一个节点之后，就把这个节点赋给NewHead，然后一直返回返回，中途这个值是没有变化的，一边返回一边把相应的指针方向颠倒，最后结束时返回新的头节点到主函数。

3. #include <cstdio>
#include <cstring>

const int MAXSIZE=256;
//char store[MAXSIZE];
char str1[MAXSIZE];
/*
void init(char *store) {
int i;
store['A']=’V', store['B']=’W',store['C']=’X',store['D']=’Y',store['E']=’Z';
for(i=’F';i<=’Z';++i) store =i-5;
}
*/
int main() {
//freopen("input.txt","r",stdin);
//init(store);
char *p;
while(fgets(str1,MAXSIZE,stdin) && strcmp(str1,"STARTn")==0) {
if(p=fgets(str1,MAXSIZE,stdin)) {
for(;*p;++p) {
//*p=store[*p]
if(*p<’A’ || *p>’Z') continue;
if(*p>’E') *p=*p-5;
else *p=*p+21;
}
printf("%s",str1);
}
fgets(str1,MAXSIZE,stdin);
}
return 0;
}

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