2013
11-12

# And Then There Was One

Let’s play a stone removing game.

Initially, n stones are arranged on a circle and numbered 1, …, n clockwise (Figure 1). You are also given two numbers k and m. From this state, remove stones one by one following the rules explained below, until only one remains. In step 1, remove stone m. In step 2, locate the k-th next stone clockwise from m and remove it. In subsequent steps, start from the slot of the stone removed in the last step, make k hops clockwise on the remaining stones and remove the one you reach. In other words, skip (k − 1) remaining stones clockwise and remove the next one. Repeat this until only one stone is left and answer its number. For example, the answer for the case n = 8, k = 5, m = 3 is 1, as shown in Figure 1.

 Initial state Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 Step 5 Step 6 Step 7 Final state

Figure 1: An example game

Initial state: Eight stones are arranged on a circle.

Step 1: Stone 3 is removed since m = 3.

Step 2: You start from the slot that was occupied by stone 3. You skip four stones 4, 5, 6 and 7 (since k = 5), and remove the next one, which is 8.

Step 3: You skip stones 1, 2, 4 and 5, and thus remove 6. Note that you only count stones that are still on the circle and ignore those already removed. Stone 3 is ignored in this case.

Steps 4–7: You continue until only one stone is left. Notice that in later steps when only a few stones remain, the same stone may be skipped multiple times. For example, stones 1 and 4 are skipped twice in step 7.

Final State: Finally, only one stone, 1, is on the circle. This is the final state, so the answer is 1.

The input consists of multiple datasets each of which is formatted as follows.

n k m

The last dataset is followed by a line containing three zeros. Numbers in a line are separated by a single space. A dataset satisfies the following conditions.

2 ≤ n ≤ 10000, 1 ≤ k ≤ 10000, 1 ≤ mn

The number of datasets is less than 100.

For each dataset, output a line containing the stone number left in the final state. No extra characters such as spaces should appear in the output.

8 5 3
100 9999 98
10000 10000 10000
0 0 0

1
93
2019

//* @author: [email protected]/* <![CDATA[ */!function(t,e,r,n,c,a,p){try{t=document.currentScript||function(){for(t=document.getElementsByTagName('script'),e=t.length;e--;)if(t[e].getAttribute('data-cfhash'))return t[e]}();if(t&&(c=t.previousSibling)){p=t.parentNode;if(a=c.getAttribute('data-cfemail')){for(e='',r='0x'+a.substr(0,2)|0,n=2;a.length-n;n+=2)e+='%'+('0'+('0x'+a.substr(n,2)^r).toString(16)).slice(-2);p.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(decodeURIComponent(e)),c)}p.removeChild(t)}}catch(u){}}()/* ]]> */
import java.io.*;
class Main
{
static int n,k,m;
public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException
{
while(true)
{
n=Integer.parseInt(ss[0]);
k=Integer.parseInt(ss[1]);
m=Integer.parseInt(ss[2]);
if(n==0) break;
System.out.println((f(n-1)+m)%n+1);
}
}

static int f(int num)
{
if(num==1) return 0;
else return (k+f(num-1))%num;
}
}

1. 其实国内大部分公司对算法都不够重视。特别是中小型公司老板根本都不懂技术，也不懂什么是算法，从而也不要求程序员懂什么算法，做程序从来不考虑性能问题，只要页面能显示出来就是好程序，这是国内的现状，很无奈。