2013
11-12

# Prime Gap

The sequence of n − 1 consecutive composite numbers (positive integers that are not prime and not equal to 1) lying between two successive prime numbers p and p + n is called a prime gap of length n. For example, ‹24, 25, 26, 27, 28› between 23 and 29 is a prime gap of length 6.

Your mission is to write a program to calculate, for a given positive integer k, the length of the prime gap that contains k. For convenience, the length is considered 0 in case no prime gap contains k.

The input is a sequence of lines each of which contains a single positive integer. Each positive integer is greater than 1 and less than or equal to the 100000th prime number, which is 1299709. The end of the input is indicated by a line containing a single zero.

The output should be composed of lines each of which contains a single non-negative integer. It is the length of the prime gap that contains the corresponding positive integer in the input if it is a composite number, or 0 otherwise. No other characters should occur in the output.

10
11
27
2
492170
0

4
0
6
0
114

//* @author popop0p0popo
import java.util.*;
import java.io.*;

public class Main{

public static void main(String rgs[]) throws Exception
{
boolean[] prime=new boolean[1299710];
Arrays.fill(prime,true);
prime[1] = false;
prime[0] = false;
for(int i=2; i<=10000; ++i){
if(prime[i])
for (int j=i; i*j< 1299710; ++j)
prime[i*j] = false;
}
int n, left, right;
Scanner cin = new Scanner(new BufferedInputStream(System.in));
n = cin.nextInt();
while(n!=0){
if(prime[n])
System.out.println(0);
else{
right = left = n;
while(!prime[--left]);
while(!prime[++right]);
System.out.println(right - left);
}
n = cin.nextInt();
}
}
}

1. 在方法1里面：

//遍历所有的边，计算入度
for(int i=0; i<V; i++)
{
degree = 0;
{
degree[*j]++;
}
}

为什么每遍历一条链表，要首先将每个链表头的顶点的入度置为0呢？
比如顶点5，若在顶点1、2、3、4的链表中出现过顶点5，那么要增加顶点5的入度，但是在遍历顶点5的链表时，又将顶点5的入度置为0了，那之前的从顶点1234到顶点5的边不是都没了吗？

2. 算法是程序的灵魂，算法分简单和复杂，如果不搞大数据类，程序员了解一下简单点的算法也是可以的，但是会算法的一定要会编程才行，程序员不一定要会算法，利于自己项目需要的可以简单了解。

3. 漂亮。佩服。
P.S. unsigned 应该去掉。换行符是n 不是/n
还可以稍微优化一下，
int main() {
int m,n,ai,aj,bi,bj,ak,bk;
while (scanf("%d%d",&m,&n)!=EOF) {
ai = sqrt(m-1);
bi = sqrt(n-1);
aj = (m-ai*ai-1)>>1;
bj = (n-bi*bi-1)>>1;
ak = ((ai+1)*(ai+1)-m)>>1;
bk = ((bi+1)*(bi+1)-n)>>1;
printf("%dn",abs(ai-bi)+abs(aj-bj)+abs(ak-bk));
}
}