首页 > ACM题库 > HDU-杭电 > HDU 1022 Train Problem I-线性结构-[解题报告] C++
2013
11-26

HDU 1022 Train Problem I-线性结构-[解题报告] C++

Train Problem I

问题描述 :

As the new term comes, the Ignatius Train Station is very busy nowadays. A lot of student want to get back to school by train(because the trains in the Ignatius Train Station is the fastest all over the world ^v^). But here comes a problem, there is only one railway where all the trains stop. So all the trains come in from one side and get out from the other side. For this problem, if train A gets into the railway first, and then train B gets into the railway before train A leaves, train A can’t leave until train B leaves. The pictures below figure out the problem. Now the problem for you is, there are at most 9 trains in the station, all the trains has an ID(numbered from 1 to n), the trains get into the railway in an order O1, your task is to determine whether the trains can get out in an order O2.

输入:

The input contains several test cases. Each test case consists of an integer, the number of trains, and two strings, the order of the trains come in:O1, and the order of the trains leave:O2. The input is terminated by the end of file. More details in the Sample Input.

输出:

The output contains a string "No." if you can’t exchange O2 to O1, or you should output a line contains "Yes.", and then output your way in exchanging the order(you should output "in" for a train getting into the railway, and "out" for a train getting out of the railway). Print a line contains "FINISH" after each test case. More details in the Sample Output.

样例输入:

3 123 321
3 123 312

样例输出:

Yes.
in
in
in
out
out
out
FINISH
No.
FINISH

Hint
Hint
For the first Sample Input, we let train 1 get in, then train 2 and train 3. So now train 3 is at the top of the railway, so train 3 can leave first, then train 2 and train 1. In the second Sample input, we should let train 3 leave first, so we have to let train 1 get in, then train 2 and train 3. Now we can let train 3 leave. But after that we can't let train 1 leave before train 2, because train 2 is at the top of the railway at the moment. So we output "No.".

题目链接:http://acm.hdu.edu.cn/showproblem.php?pid=1022

题目虽然是英文的,但很好理解,大笑。其实就是赤裸裸的栈的题。

代码:

#include<iostream>
#include<stdio.h>
#include<stack>
#include<algorithm>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
	stack<char>s;
	char a[1001],b[1001];
	int n,i,j,count,c[1001];
	while(~scanf("%d",&n))
	{
		count=0;
		j=0;
		getchar();
		while(!s.empty())//**清空栈**//
		{
			s.pop();
		}
		scanf("%s %s",a,b);
		for(i=0;i<n;i++)
		{
			s.push(a[i]);//**入栈**//
			c[count]=1;//**进行标记**//
			count++;
		    while(j<n&&!s.empty())//**i进行移动而且栈为非空**//
			{
				if(s.top()==b[j])//**栈首相同**//
				{
					s.pop();//**出栈**//
				    c[count]=0;//**标记出栈**//
				    count++;
				    j++;//**j往右移动**//
				}
			    else
				{
				    break;
				}
			}
		}
		if(s.empty())
		{
			printf("Yes.\n");
			for(i=0;i<count;i++)
			{
				if(c[i]==1) printf("in\n");
				else if(c[i]==0)
					printf("out\n");
			}
		}
		else
		{
			printf("No.\n");
		}
		printf("FINISH\n");
	}
	return 0;
}


  1. 约瑟夫也用说这么长……很成熟的一个问题了,分治的方法解起来o(n)就可以了,有兴趣可以看看具体数学的第一章,关于约瑟夫问题推导出了一系列的结论,很漂亮