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2013
11-28

HDU 1128 Self Numbers[解题报告] C++

Self Numbers

问题描述 :

In 1949 the Indian mathematician D.R. Kaprekar discovered a class of numbers called self-numbers. For any positive integer n, define d(n) to be n plus the sum of the digits of n. (The d stands for digitadition, a term coined by Kaprekar.) For example, d(75) = 75 + 7 + 5 = 87. Given any positive integer n as a starting point, you can construct the infinite increasing sequence of integers n, d(n), d(d(n)), d(d(d(n))), …. For example, if you start with 33, the next number is 33 + 3 + 3 = 39, the next is 39 + 3 + 9 = 51, the next is 51 + 5 + 1 = 57, and so you generate the sequence
33, 39, 51, 57, 69, 84, 96, 111, 114, 120, 123, 129, 141, …The number n is called a generator of d(n). In the sequence above, 33 is a generator of 39, 39 is a generator of 51, 51 is a generator of 57, and so on. Some numbers have more than one generator: for example, 101 has two generators, 91 and 100. A number with no generators is a self-number. There are thirteen self-numbers less than 100: 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 20, 31, 42, 53, 64, 75, 86, and 97.

Write a program to output all positive self-numbers less than or equal 1000000 in increasing order, one per line.

样例输出:

1
3
5
7
9
20
31
42
53
64
|
| <-- a lot more numbers
|
9903
9914
9925
9927
9938
9949
9960
9971
9982
9993
|
|
|

题目:hdu 1128 Self Numbers

思路:大水。。考虑到能够得到这个数字的数字肯定比这个数字小,遍历一下ok

 

#include <cstring>
#include <cmath>
#include <iostream>
#include <cmath>
#include <algorithm>
#include <set>
#include <cstdio>
using namespace std;
#define maxn 1000000
bool ok[maxn];
int fun(int n)
{
    int ans=0;
    while(n)
    {
        ans+=n%10;
        n/=10;
    }
    return ans;
}
int main()
{
    memset(ok,0,sizeof(ok));
    int tmp;
    for(int i=1;i<=maxn;i++)
    {
        tmp=i+fun(i);
        if(tmp<=maxn)
            ok[tmp]=1;
    }
    for(int i=1;i<=maxn;i++)
        if(!ok[i])
            printf("%d\n",i);
    return 0;
}

  1. L(X [0 .. M-1],Y [0 .. N-1])= 1 + L(X [0 .. M-2],Y [0 .. N-1])这个地方也也有笔误
    应改为L(X [0 .. M-1],Y [0 .. N-1])= 1 + L(X [0 .. M-2],Y [0 .. N-2])

  2. 你的理解应该是:即使主持人拿走一个箱子对结果没有影响。这样想,主持人拿走的箱子只是没有影响到你初始选择的那个箱子中有奖品的概率,但是改变了其余两个箱子的概率分布。由 1/3,1/3 变成了 0, 2/3

  3. 一开始就规定不相邻节点颜色相同,可能得不到最优解。我想个类似的算法,也不确定是否总能得到最优解:先着一个点,随机挑一个相邻点,着第二色,继续随机选一个点,但必须至少有一个边和已着点相邻,着上不同色,当然尽量不增加新色,直到完成。我还找不到反例验证他的错误。。希望LZ也帮想想, 有想法欢迎来邮件。谢谢