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2013
12-21

HDU 1732 Push Box-BFS-[解题报告] C++

Push Box

问题描述 :

Push Box is a classic puzzle game. This game play in a grid, there are five types of block in it, the player, the box, the hole, empty place, and the wall. In every step, player can move up, down, left, or right, if the target place is empty. Moreover, if a box in the target place, and the next place in that direction is empty, player can move to the target place, and then push the box to the next place. Remember, both of the player and boxes can’t move out of the grid, or you may assume that there is a wall suround the whole grid. The objective of this game is to push every box to a hole. Now, your problem is to find the strategy to achieve the goal with shortest steps, supposed there are exactly three boxes.

输入:

The input consists of several test cases. Each test case start with a line containing two number, n, m(1 < n, m ≤ 8), the rows and the columns of grid. Then n lines follow, each contain exact m characters, representing the type of block in it. (for empty place, X for player, * for box, # for wall, @ for hole). Each case contain exactly one X, three *, and three @. The input end with EOF.

输出:

You have to print the length of shortest strategy in a single line for each case. (-1 if no such strategy)

样例输入:

4 4
....
..*@
..*@
.X*@

6 6
...#@.
@..*..
#*##..
..##*#
..X...
.@#...

样例输出:

7
11

http://acm.hdu.edu.cn/showproblem.php?pid=1732

推三个箱子 难点主要是状态表示

#include<stdio.h>
#include<iostream>
#include<string>
#include<string.h>
#include<vector>
#include<queue>
#include<algorithm>
using namespace std;
const int maxn = 8;
int n,m,pos;
char map[maxn][maxn];
int dis[maxn][maxn];
bool vis[maxn][maxn][maxn][maxn][maxn][maxn][maxn][maxn];  //三个箱子位置 + 人位置 
int xs[] = {0,1,0,-1};
int ys[] = {1,0,-1,0};
struct node
{
	int x[3],y[3],step;
	int man_x,man_y;
	bool check( int k )
	{
		if( x[k] >= 0 && x[k] < n && y[k] >= 0 && y[k] < m && map[x[k]][y[k]] != '#' )
			return true;
		else
			return false;
	}
	bool operator < ( const node &k ) const
	{
		return step > k.step;
	}
};
struct Node
{
	int x,y,g;
	bool check()
	{
		if( x >= 0 && x < n && y >= 0 && y < m &&  map[x][y] != '#' )  //小BFS检查边界
			return true;
		else
			return false;
	}
};

void BFS( node v )	//小BFS 算人到每个点的距离
{
	Node cur,cnt;	
	cur.x = v.man_x;
	cur.y = v.man_y;
	cur.g = 0;
	bool mark[maxn][maxn] = {0};
	memset(dis,-1,sizeof(dis));
	mark[cur.x][cur.y] = true;
	dis[cur.x][cur.y] = 0;
	queue<Node>que;
	que.push(cur);
	while ( !que.empty() )
	{
		cur = que.front(); que.pop();
		for( int i = 0; i < 4; i ++ )
		{
			cnt.x = cur.x + xs[i];
			cnt.y = cur.y + ys[i];
			if( cnt.check() && !mark[cnt.x][cnt.y] && !( ( cnt.x == v.x[0] && cnt.y == v.y[0] )||( cnt.x == v.x[1] && cnt.y == v.y[1] )||( cnt.x == v.x[2] && cnt.y == v.y[2] ) ) )
			{
				mark[cnt.x][cnt.y] = true;
				cnt.g = cur.g + 1;
				dis[cnt.x][cnt.y] = cnt.g;
				que.push( cnt );
			}
		}
	}
}

int BFS_Box( node start )
{
	node cur,cnt;
	int mx,my;
	priority_queue<node>que;
	memset( vis,0,sizeof(vis) );
	que.push( start );
	while ( !que.empty() )
	{
		cur = que.top(); que.pop();
		if( map[cur.x[0]][cur.y[0]] == '@' &&  map[cur.x[1]][cur.y[1]] == '@' && map[cur.x[2]][cur.y[2]] == '@' )
			return cur.step;
		if( vis[cur.x[0]][cur.y[0]][cur.x[1]][cur.y[1]][cur.x[2]][cur.y[2]][cur.man_x][cur.man_y] )
			continue;
		vis[cur.x[0]][cur.y[0]][cur.x[1]][cur.y[1]][cur.x[2]][cur.y[2]][cur.man_x][cur.man_y] = true;
		BFS( cur );
		for ( int k = 0; k < 3; k ++ )		//三个箱子各推次
		{
			for( int i = 0; i < 4; i ++ )
			{
				cnt = cur;
				cnt.x[k] += xs[i];    mx = cur.x[k] - xs[i];
				cnt.y[k] += ys[i];    my = cur.y[k] - ys[i];
				if(  cnt.check(k) && mx >= 0 && mx < n && my >= 0 && my < m && dis[mx][my] != -1 )		//判断边界
				{    
					if( !(( cnt.x[k] == cur.x[0] && cnt.y[k] == cur.y[0] )||( cnt.x[k] == cur.x[1] && cnt.y[k] == cur.y[1] )||( cnt.x[k] == cur.x[2] && cnt.y[k] == cur.y[2] ) ) )  //判断所推向位置是否为箱子
					{                     
						cnt.step = cur.step + dis[mx][my] + 1;
						cnt.man_x = cur.x[k]; cnt.man_y = cur.y[k];
						que.push(cnt);
					}
				}
			}
		}

	}
	return -1;
}

int main()
{
	//freopen("data.txt","r",stdin);
	int sx,sy;    
	while( scanf("%d%d",&n,&m) != EOF )
	{
		node start;
		int k = 0;
		for( int i = 0; i < n; i ++ )
		{
			getchar();
			for ( int j = 0; j < m; j ++ )
			{
				scanf("%c",&map[i][j]);
				if( map[i][j] == '*' )
				{
					start.x[k] = i; start.y[k] = j;
					map[i][j] = '.';
					k++;
				}
				if( map[i][j] == 'X' )
				{
					map[i][j] = '.';
					start.man_x = i,start.man_y = j;
				}
			}
		}
		start.step = 0;
		printf("%d\n",BFS_Box(start) );
	}
	return 0;
}

解题报告转自:http://blog.csdn.net/u011742541/article/details/15502841


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