2013
12-23

# GCD Again

Do you have spent some time to think and try to solve those unsolved problem after one ACM contest?
No? Oh, you must do this when you want to become a "Big Cattle".
Now you will find that this problem is so familiar:
The greatest common divisor GCD (a, b) of two positive integers a and b, sometimes written (a, b), is the largest divisor common to a and b. For example, (1, 2) =1, (12, 18) =6. (a, b) can be easily found by the Euclidean algorithm. Now I am considering a little more difficult problem:
Given an integer N, please count the number of the integers M (0<M<N) which satisfies (N,M)>1.
This is a simple version of problem “GCD” which you have done in a contest recently,so I name this problem “GCD Again”.If you cannot solve it still,please take a good think about your method of study.
Good Luck!

Input contains multiple test cases. Each test case contains an integers N (1<N<100000000). A test case containing 0 terminates the input and this test case is not to be processed.

For each integers N you should output the number of integers M in one line, and with one line of output for each line in input.

2
4
0

0
1

#include<stdio.h>
#include<math.h>
__int64 euler(__int64 x)// 就是公式
{
__int64 i, res=x;
for (i = 2; i <(__int64)sqrt(x * 1.0) + 1; i++)
if(x%i==0)
{
res = res /(__int64)i*(i - 1);

while (x % i == 0) x /= i; // 保证i一定是素数
}
if (x > 1) res = res / (__int64)x*(x - 1);//这里小心别溢出了
return res;
}

int main()
{
__int64 n;
while(scanf("%I64d",&n)!=EOF)
{
if(!n) break;
printf("%I64d\n",n-euler(n)-1);
}
return 0;
}

1. 嗯 分析得很到位，确实用模板编程能让面试官对你的印象更好。在设置辅助栈的时候可以这样：push时，比较要push的elem和辅助栈的栈顶，elem<=min.top()，则min.push(elem).否则只要push（elem）就好。在pop的时候，比较stack.top()与min.top(),if(stack.top()<=min.top()),则{stack.pop();min.pop();}，否则{stack.pop();}.

2. /*
* =====================================================================================
*
* Filename: 1366.cc
*
* Description:
*
* Version: 1.0
* Created: 2014年01月06日 14时52分14秒
* Revision: none
* Compiler: gcc
*
* Author: Wenxian Ni (Hello World~), [email protected]
* Organization: AMS/ICT
*
* =====================================================================================
*/

#include
#include

using namespace std;

int main()
{
stack st;
int n,i,j;
int test;
int a[100001];
int b[100001];
while(cin>>n)
{
for(i=1;i>a[i];
for(i=1;i>b[i];
//st.clear();
while(!st.empty())
st.pop();
i = 1;
j = 1;

while(in)
break;
}
while(!st.empty()&&st.top()==b[j])
{
st.pop();
j++;
}
}
if(st.empty())
cout<<"YES"<<endl;
else
cout<<"NO"<<endl;
}
return 0;
}

3. 约瑟夫也用说这么长……很成熟的一个问题了，分治的方法解起来o(n)就可以了，有兴趣可以看看具体数学的第一章，关于约瑟夫问题推导出了一系列的结论，很漂亮

4. 嗯 分析得很到位，确实用模板编程能让面试官对你的印象更好。在设置辅助栈的时候可以这样：push时，比较要push的elem和辅助栈的栈顶，elem<=min.top()，则min.push(elem).否则只要push（elem）就好。在pop的时候，比较stack.top()与min.top(),if(stack.top()<=min.top()),则{stack.pop();min.pop();}，否则{stack.pop();}.