2013
12-23

Double Queue

The new founded Balkan Investment Group Bank (BIG-Bank) opened a new office in Bucharest, equipped with a modern computing environment provided by IBM Romania, and using modern information technologies. As usual, each client of the bank is identified by a positive integer K and, upon arriving to the bank for some services, he or she receives a positive integer priority P. One of the inventions of the young managers of the bank shocked the software engineer of the serving system. They proposed to break the tradition by sometimes calling the serving desk with the lowest priority instead of that with the highest priority. Thus, the system will receive the following types of request:

Your task is to help the software engineer of the bank by writing a program to implement the requested serving policy.

Each line of the input contains one of the possible requests; only the last line contains the stop-request (code 0). You may assume that when there is a request to include a new client in the list (code 1), there is no other request in the list of the same client or with the same priority. An identifier K is always less than 106, and a priority P is less than 107. The client may arrive for being served multiple times, and each time may obtain a different priority.

For each request with code 2 or 3, the program has to print, in a separate line of the standard output, the identifier of the served client. If the request arrives when the waiting list is empty, then the program prints zero (0) to the output.

2
1 20 14
1 30 3
2
1 10 99
3
2
2
0

0
20
30
10
0

#include<iostream>
#include<string>
#include<map>
#include<stdio.h>
using namespace std;

int main()
{
int n,k,p;
map<int,int> L;
//	map<int,int>::iterator it;
while(scanf("%d",&n)&&n!=0)
{
if(n==1)
{
scanf("%d%d",&k,&p);
L[p]=k;	//按优先级自动排序
}
else if(n==2)
{
if(L.empty())
cout<<"0"<<endl;
else
{
cout<<L.rbegin()->second<<endl;
L.erase(L.rbegin()->first);
}
}
else
{
cout<<L.begin()->second<<endl;
L.erase(L.begin());
}
}
return 0;
}

1. 说穿了就是当年的中国根本没有能力造大飞机。—-那怎么运10造出来了，还飞的好好的？运7货机从1970年试飞成功，造了20架基本型在部队里做货机用的很好，运7现在部队里还有，最早的运8是不好，只能载6-7吨，飞1000公里的航程，后来不断改进，才有今天

2. #include <cstdio>

int main() {
int n, u, d;
while(scanf("%d%d%d",&n,&u,&d)==3 && n>0) {
if(n<=u) { puts("1"); continue; }
n-=u; u-=d; n+=u-1; n/=u;
n<<=1, ++n;
printf("%dn",n);
}
return 0;
}

3. int half(int *array,int len,int key)
{
int l=0,r=len;
while(l<r)
{
int m=(l+r)>>1;
if(key>array )l=m+1;
else if(key<array )r=m;
else return m;
}
return -1;
}
这种就能避免一些Bug
l,m,r
左边是l,m;右边就是m+1,r;