首页 > ACM题库 > HDU-杭电 > hdu 1936 Emoticons :-)待解决[解题报告]C++
2013
12-26

hdu 1936 Emoticons :-)待解决[解题报告]C++

Emoticons :-)

问题描述 :

Emoticons are used in chat and e-mail conversations to try to express the emotions that printed words cannot. This may seem like a nice feature for many, but a lot of people find it really annoying and wants to get rid of emoticons.

George is one of those people. He hates emoticons so bad, that he is preparing a plan to remove all emoticons from all e-mails in the world. Since you share his visionary plans, you are preparing a special program to help him.

Your program will receive the list of emoticons to proscribe. Each emoticon will be a string of characters not including any whitespace. You will also receive several lines of text. What you need to do is change some characters of the text into spaces to ensure no emoticon is left on the text. For an emoticon to be considered to appear in the text it has to appear in a single line and be made of consecutive characters.

To help George’s plan remain secret as long as possible, you need to do your job with the minimum possible amount of character changes.

输入:

The input file contains several test cases. Each test case consists of several lines. The first line of each test case will contain two integers separated by a single space: N, the number of emoticons to proscribe, and M, the number of lines the text has. The next N lines contain one emoticon each, a non-empty string of at most 15 characters. Each of the last M lines of the test case contains a line of text of at most 80 characters. You can assume 1 <= N,M <= 100.

Valid input characters for emoticons are uppercase and lowercase letters, digits and the symbols“!?.,:;-_’#$%&/=*+(){}[]” (quotes for clarity). Each line of the text may contain the samecharacters with the addition of the space character.
The input is terminated by N = M = 0.

输出:

The input file contains several test cases. Each test case consists of several lines. The first line of each test case will contain two integers separated by a single space: N, the number of emoticons to proscribe, and M, the number of lines the text has. The next N lines contain one emoticon each, a non-empty string of at most 15 characters. Each of the last M lines of the test case contains a line of text of at most 80 characters. You can assume 1 <= N,M <= 100.

Valid input characters for emoticons are uppercase and lowercase letters, digits and the symbols“!?.,:;-_’#$%&/=*+(){}[]” (quotes for clarity). Each line of the text may contain the samecharacters with the addition of the space character.
The input is terminated by N = M = 0.

样例输入:

4 6
:-)
:-(
(-:
)-:
Hello uncle John! :-) :-D
I am sad or happy? (-:-(?
I feel so happy, my head spins
(-:-)(-:-)(-:-)(-:-) :-) (-: :-)
but then sadness comes :-(
Loves you, Joanna :-)))))
3 1
:)
):
))
:):)):)):)):(:((:(((:):)
0 0

样例输出:

11
8


  1. 有限自动机在ACM中是必须掌握的算法,实际上在面试当中几乎不可能让你单独的去实现这个算法,如果有题目要用到有限自动机来降低时间复杂度,那么这种面试题应该属于很难的级别了。

  2. 5.1处,反了;“上一个操作符的优先级比操作符ch的优先级大,或栈是空的就入栈。”如代码所述,应为“上一个操作符的优先级比操作符ch的优先级小,或栈是空的就入栈。”

  3. 问题3是不是应该为1/4 .因为截取的三段,无论是否能组成三角形, x, y-x ,1-y,都应大于0,所以 x<y,基础应该是一个大三角形。小三角是大三角的 1/4.

  4. 如果两个序列的最后字符不匹配(即X [M-1]!= Y [N-1])
    L(X [0 .. M-1],Y [0 .. N-1])= MAX(L(X [0 .. M-2],Y [0 .. N-1]),L(X [0 .. M-1],Y [0 .. N-1])
    这里写错了吧。