首页 > ACM题库 > HDU-杭电 > hdu 1946 Who owns the Amiga?待解决[解题报告]C++
2013
12-26

hdu 1946 Who owns the Amiga?待解决[解题报告]C++

Who owns the Amiga?

问题描述 :

In a corridor in a student dormitory, there are ve rooms numbered 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5; room number 1 is the left-most room. The rooms have doors in different colours: blue, green, red, white and yellow, but not necessarily in that order.

In these rooms live five students Anna, Bernhard, Chris, David and Ellen of five different nationalities Danish, Finnish, Icelandic, Norwegian and Swedish. (Both the names and the nationalities are given in alphabetical order, so it does not follow automatically that Anna is Danish.)

These students have one computer each, and these computers are of different kinds: Amiga, Atari, Linux, Mac and Windows (given here in alphabetical order). They each have their own favourite programming language: C, C++, Java, Pascal and Perl (also listed in alphabetical order).
You want to find out who owns the Amiga computer based on some facts about the students.

输入:

The input consists of several scenarios. The rst input line contains a number 1?000 indicating how many scenarios there are.
Each scenario starts with a line with a number 1?000 telling how many fact lines there are for that scenario. Then follow the fact lines which each contains three words separated by one or more spaces:
---The first and third word is one of these names:
1 2 3 4 5
blue green red white yellow
anna bernhard chris david ellen
danish finnish icelandic norwegian swedish
amiga atari linux mac windows
c c++ java pascal perl
(Note that no uppercase letters are used.)

---The second word specifies a relationship; it is one of
same-as left-of right-of next-to
same-as tells that the first and third fact words apply to the same room; for instance
blue same-as bernhard
tells that Bernhard lives in the room with a blue door.
left-of tells that the first fact word applies to the room immediately to the left of the one to which the third fact word applies. For example,
chris left-of perl
means that Chris lives in the room immediately to the left of the Perl programmer.
right-of tells that the rst fact word applies to the room immediately to the right of the one to which the third fact word applies.
next-to tells that the two fact words apply to rooms next to each other. For example,
swedish next-to linux
means that the Swedish student lives in the next room (either to the left or the right) of the owner of the Linux computer.

You may assume that there are no inconsistencies in the input data. In other words, there will in every scenario be at least one person who may own the Amiga without violating the constraints.

输出:

The input consists of several scenarios. The rst input line contains a number 1?000 indicating how many scenarios there are.
Each scenario starts with a line with a number 1?000 telling how many fact lines there are for that scenario. Then follow the fact lines which each contains three words separated by one or more spaces:
---The first and third word is one of these names:
1 2 3 4 5
blue green red white yellow
anna bernhard chris david ellen
danish finnish icelandic norwegian swedish
amiga atari linux mac windows
c c++ java pascal perl
(Note that no uppercase letters are used.)

---The second word specifies a relationship; it is one of
same-as left-of right-of next-to
same-as tells that the first and third fact words apply to the same room; for instance
blue same-as bernhard
tells that Bernhard lives in the room with a blue door.
left-of tells that the first fact word applies to the room immediately to the left of the one to which the third fact word applies. For example,
chris left-of perl
means that Chris lives in the room immediately to the left of the Perl programmer.
right-of tells that the rst fact word applies to the room immediately to the right of the one to which the third fact word applies.
next-to tells that the two fact words apply to rooms next to each other. For example,
swedish next-to linux
means that the Swedish student lives in the next room (either to the left or the right) of the owner of the Linux computer.

You may assume that there are no inconsistencies in the input data. In other words, there will in every scenario be at least one person who may own the Amiga without violating the constraints.

样例输入:

2
8
red same-as 1
danish same-as 1
perl same-as 5
atari same-as 2
linux same-as 3
mac same-as 4
windows same-as 5
anna same-as 1
8
chris left-of amiga
chris left-of 4
c same-as 1
danish same-as 1
red same-as 1
linux same-as red
windows next-to linux
mac left-of swedish

样例输出:

scenario #1: anna owns the amiga.
scenario #2: cannot identify the amiga owner.


  1. 老实说,这种方法就是穷举,复杂度是2^n,之所以能够AC是应为题目的测试数据有问题,要么数据量很小,要么能够得到k == t,否则即使n = 30,也要很久才能得出结果,本人亲测