2014
01-05

# Broken Keyboard

Bruce Force’s keyboard is broken, only a few keys are still working. Bruce has figured out he can still type texts by switching the keyboard layout whenever he needs to type a letter which is currently not mapped to any of the m working keys of the keyboard.

You are given a text that Bruce wishes to type, and he asks you if you can tell him the maximum number of consecutive characters in the text which can be typed without having to switch the keyboard layout. For simplicity, we assume that each key of the keyboard will be mapped to exactly one character, and it is not possible to type other characters by combination of different keys. This means that Bruce wants to know the length of the largest substring of the text which consists of at most m different characters.

The input contains several test cases, each test case consisting of two lines. The first line of each test case contains the number m (1 ≤ m ≤ 128), which specifies how many keys on the keyboard are still working. The second line of each test case contains the text which Bruce wants to type. You may assume that the length of this text does not exceed 1 million characters. Note that the input may contain space characters, which should be handled like any other character.

The last test case is followed by a line containing one zero.

The input contains several test cases, each test case consisting of two lines. The first line of each test case contains the number m (1 ≤ m ≤ 128), which specifies how many keys on the keyboard are still working. The second line of each test case contains the text which Bruce wants to type. You may assume that the length of this text does not exceed 1 million characters. Note that the input may contain space characters, which should be handled like any other character.

The last test case is followed by a line containing one zero.

5
This can't be solved by brute force.
1
Mississippi
0

7
2
Hint The largest substring for the first test case is "_by_bru", where _ stands for a space character.  

【代表光标移向文章头，】代表光标移向文章尾，问最终在屏幕上显示的字符串序列是？

#include<string.h>
#include<stdio.h>
#define MAXN 100002
char s[MAXN],temp[MAXN];
int main()
{
int i,len;
while(~scanf("%s",s))
{
len=strlen(s);
for(i = 0; i < len; ++i)
{
if(s[i]=='['||s[i]==']')
temp[i] = '\0';
else
temp[i] = s[i];
}
temp[len]='\0';
for(i = len - 1; i > -1; --i)
{
if(s[i]=='[')
printf("%s",temp+i+1);
}
if(!(s[0]=='['||s[0]==']'))
printf("%s",temp);
for(i = 1; i < len; ++i){
if(s[i]==']')
printf("%s",temp+i+1);
}
printf("\n");
}
return 0;
}

1. 第2题，TCP不支持多播，多播和广播仅应用于UDP。所以B选项是不对的。第2题，TCP不支持多播，多播和广播仅应用于UDP。所以B选项是不对的。