2015
04-14

The Angry Birds

“Lemme tell ya, these ain’t no ordinary finches we’re talkin’ about. These here are the Angry Birds, the ones that’s gonna kick you in the ‘nads. And they’re the ones on your side. They must be from Galapadapados, or sumptin’.” �C Col. Angus, Bird Expert.
The survival of the Angry Birds is at stake. Dish out revenge on the green pigs who stole the Birds’ eggs. Use the unique destructive powers of the Angry Birds to lay waste to the pigs’ fortified castles.
There are 3 kinds of bird in Angry Birds Army — the Red bird, the Yellow bird and the Blue bird. To destroy the pigs’ fortified castles, birds will be shot by a sling. Different kind of birds has different flying routes after they are shot.
In this world, the acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/(s^2);
1.The Red Bird:
The Red Bird’s route is a normal parabola (抛物线) .

2.The Yellow Bird:
The Yellow Bird can accelerate. The Yellow Bird’s flying route is the same as The Red Bird before it accelerate. After The Yellow Bird accelerate, both its horizontal velocity and its vertical velocity will be doubled at once（the bird is still affected by gravity after accelerating）.

3.The Blue Bird:
The Blue Bird can split itself to 3 birds. The Blue Bird’s flying route is the same as The Red Bird before it splits itself. After it splitting, The Blue Bird split itself to 3 birds with different horizontal velocities (but they have same vertical velocities).

As the Angry Bird Army’s general, you must know the horizontal distance between the point(s) where the bird(s) touch the land and the sling.

The input consists of multiple test cases.
Each test case has only one line which has 3 types according to different kind of birds.

H Red Vx Vy
H Yellow Vx Vy t
H Blue Vx Vy t V1 V2 V3

H the height of the sling.
Vx and Vy are the horizontal and vertical velocities when they are shot.
t is the time when the Yellow Bird accelerate or the Blue Bird splits after they are shot.
V1,V2,V3 are the horizontal velocities of the 3 birds split by the Blue Bird.

Notice: If the bird accelerate or split after the bird reach the land,nothing will happen;

0<=H,Vx,Vy,t,V1,V2,V3<=1000

The input consists of multiple test cases.
Each test case has only one line which has 3 types according to different kind of birds.

H Red Vx Vy
H Yellow Vx Vy t
H Blue Vx Vy t V1 V2 V3

H the height of the sling.
Vx and Vy are the horizontal and vertical velocities when they are shot.
t is the time when the Yellow Bird accelerate or the Blue Bird splits after they are shot.
V1,V2,V3 are the horizontal velocities of the 3 birds split by the Blue Bird.

Notice: If the bird accelerate or split after the bird reach the land,nothing will happen;

0<=H,Vx,Vy,t,V1,V2,V3<=1000

1 Red 1 2
2 Blue 3 4 1 1 2 3
2 Blue 3 4 10 1 2 3
5 Yellow 3 4 1

0.700
3.166 3.333 3.499
3.499
4.874

/*

物理题，注意别漏掉步骤就行了。

2012-10-15
*/

#include"stdio.h"
#include"string.h"
#include"math.h"
#define g 9.8
int main()
{
double h,v_x,v_y,t,v1,v2,v3;
double t1,t2;
double ans,ans1,ans2,ans3;
double temp;
char str[11];
while(scanf("%lf",&h)!=-1)
{
scanf("%s%lf%lf",&str,&v_x,&v_y);
t1=v_y/g;
t2=sqrt(2*h/g+v_y*v_y/g/g);
if(strcmp(str,"Red")==0)
{
printf("%.3lf\n",(t1+t2)*v_x);
continue;
}
else if(strcmp(str,"Yellow")==0)
{
scanf("%lf",&t);
if(t>=t1+t2)	{printf("%.3lf\n",(t1+t2)*v_x);continue;}
else if(t<=t1)
{
temp=(v_y+v_y-t*g)*t/2;
h+=temp;
ans=v_x*t;
v_y-=t*g;
v_y*=2;
v_x*=2;
t1=v_y/g;
t2=sqrt(2*h/g+v_y*v_y/g/g);
ans+=v_x*(t1+t2);
printf("%.3lf\n",ans);
}
else
{
ans=v_x*t;
h+=0.5*v_y*v_y/g;
h-=0.5*g*(t-t1)*(t-t1);
v_y=2*g*fabs(t-t1);
v_x*=2;
t2=(-v_y+sqrt(v_y*v_y+2*g*h))/g;
ans+=v_x*t2;
printf("%.3lf\n",ans);
}
}
else if(strcmp(str,"Blue")==0)
{
scanf("%lf%lf%lf%lf",&t,&v1,&v2,&v3);
if(t>=t1+t2)	{printf("%.3lf\n",(t1+t2)*v_x);continue;}
if(t<=t1)
{
temp=(v_y+v_y-t*g)*t/2;
h+=temp;
ans=v_x*t;
v_y-=t*g;
t2=sqrt(2*h/g+v_y*v_y/g/g);
ans1=ans+v1*(t2+t1-t);
ans2=ans+v2*(t2+t1-t);
ans3=ans+v3*(t2+t1-t);
printf("%.3lf %.3lf %.3lf\n",ans1,ans2,ans3);
}
else
{
ans=v_x*t;
h+=0.5*v_y*v_y/g;
h-=0.5*g*(t-t1)*(t-t1);
v_y=g*fabs(t-t1);
t2=(-v_y+sqrt(v_y*v_y+2*g*h))/g;
ans1=ans+v1*t2;
ans2=ans+v2*t2;
ans3=ans+v3*t2;
printf("%.3lf %.3lf %.3lf\n",ans1,ans2,ans3);
}
}
}
return 0;
}

1. #include <cstdio>
#include <algorithm>

struct LWPair{
int l,w;
};

int main() {
//freopen("input.txt","r",stdin);
const int MAXSIZE=5000, MAXVAL=10000;
LWPair sticks[MAXSIZE];
int store[MAXSIZE];
int ncase, nstick, length,width, tmp, time, i,j;
if(scanf("%d",&ncase)!=1) return -1;
while(ncase– && scanf("%d",&nstick)==1) {
for(i=0;i<nstick;++i) scanf("%d%d",&sticks .l,&sticks .w);
std::sort(sticks,sticks+nstick,[](const LWPair &lhs, const LWPair &rhs) { return lhs.l>rhs.l || lhs.l==rhs.l && lhs.w>rhs.w; });
for(time=-1,i=0;i<nstick;++i) {
tmp=sticks .w;
for(j=time;j>=0 && store >=tmp;–j) ; // search from right to left
if(j==time) { store[++time]=tmp; }
else { store[j+1]=tmp; }
}
printf("%dn",time+1);
}
return 0;
}

2. 嗯 分析得很到位，确实用模板编程能让面试官对你的印象更好。在设置辅助栈的时候可以这样：push时，比较要push的elem和辅助栈的栈顶，elem<=min.top()，则min.push(elem).否则只要push（elem）就好。在pop的时候，比较stack.top()与min.top(),if(stack.top()<=min.top()),则{stack.pop();min.pop();}，否则{stack.pop();}.