2015
09-18

# Bathysphere

The Bathysphere is a spherical deep-sea submersible which was unpowered and lowered into the ocean on a cable, and was used to conduct a series of dives under the sea. The Bathysphere was designed for studying undersea wildlife.

The Bathysphere was conducted from the deck of a ship. After counted, the ship should not move, so choosing the position where the Bathysphere was conducted is important.

A group of scientists want to study the secrets of undersea world along the equator, and they would like to use the Bathysphere. They want to choose the position where the Bathysphere can dive as deep as possible. Before conducting the Bathysphere, they have a map of the seabed, which tell them the shape of the seabed. They draw a line on the equator of the map to mark where they will release the Bathysphere, as a number axis. Suppose the axis is draw from 0 to L. But when they release the Bathysphere, they can’t know where they are accurately, i.e., if they choose position x to release the Bathysphere, the real position will distribute between x-d and x+d with an equal probability, where d is given. The objective of the scientists is very simple, i.e., to maximize the expected depth.

For the ease of presentation, the shape of the seabed is described as a poly line. Given N points ) , ( Xi,Yi ) as the vertices, where Xi and Yi indicate the position and the depth of the i-th vertex, respectively, the ploy line is composed of the line segments that connect consecutive vertices.

The first line contains an integer T (1 ≤ T ≤ 25), the number of test cases.

Then T test cases follow. In each test case, the first line contains two integers N (2 ≤ N ≤ 2*10^5) and L (2 ≤ L ≤ 10^9), as described above. Then N lines follow, each line contains two integer Xi and Yi (1≤i≤N, 0≤ Yi ≤10^9), where point ( Xi,Yi ) is a vertex of the ploy line. It is assumed that X1 == 0 and Xn == L and Xi < Xi+1 for 1 ≤ i < N. Then the following line contains one integer d (0 ≤ d ≤ L/2), as described above.

The first line contains an integer T (1 ≤ T ≤ 25), the number of test cases.

Then T test cases follow. In each test case, the first line contains two integers N (2 ≤ N ≤ 2*10^5) and L (2 ≤ L ≤ 10^9), as described above. Then N lines follow, each line contains two integer Xi and Yi (1≤i≤N, 0≤ Yi ≤10^9), where point ( Xi,Yi ) is a vertex of the ploy line. It is assumed that X1 == 0 and Xn == L and Xi < Xi+1 for 1 ≤ i < N. Then the following line contains one integer d (0 ≤ d ≤ L/2), as described above.

2
3 10
0 3
4 10
10 1
5
3 10
0 3
4 10
10 1
1

5.900
9.192

#include<iostream>
#include<cstdio>
#include<cstring>
using namespace std;
#define Maxn 200100
#define eps 1e-8

inline double getarea(double hk,double hy,double tk,double ty,double len){
return (ty+ty+len*tk)*len/2.0-(hy+hy+len*hk)*len/2.0;
}

void work(double nowarea,double hk,double hy,double tk,double ty,double tlen,double &ans){
double l=0,r=tlen,ll,rr,tmp,al,ar;
while(r-l>eps){
ll=(l+l+r)/3.0;
rr=(l+r+r)/3.0;
al=getarea(hk,hy,tk,ty,ll);
ar=getarea(hk,hy,tk,ty,rr);
if (al<ar) l=ll;
else r=rr;
}
tmp=getarea(hk,hy,tk,ty,l);
if (nowarea+tmp>ans) ans=nowarea+tmp;
}

int x[Maxn],y[Maxn];
double area[Maxn];

int main(){
//freopen("din.txt","r",stdin);
int cas,n,l,may,d,i;
int nh,nt;
double len1,len2;
scanf("%d",&cas);
while(cas--){
scanf("%d%d",&n,&l);
may=0;
for(i=1;i<=n;++i){
scanf("%d%d",&x[i],&y[i]);
if (y[i]>may) may=y[i];
}
x[n+1]=l+1;
y[n+1]=y[n]+1;
scanf("%d",&d);
if (d==0) {printf("%.3lf\n",may);continue;}
d=2*d;
area[0]=area[1]=0;
for(i=2;i<=n;++i){
area[i]=area[i-1]+((double)y[i-1]+y[i])*((double)x[i]-x[i-1])/2.0;
}
for(i=1;i<=n;++i){
if (d>=x[i]&&d<x[i+1]) {break;}
}
nh=2;nt=i+1;
kh=((double)y[2]-y[1])/((double)x[2]-x[1]);
kt=((double)y[nt]-y[nt-1])/((double)x[nt]-x[nt-1]);
tailx=d;taily=y[nt-1]+kt*(d-x[nt-1]);
nowarea=ans=area[nt-1]+(d-x[nt-1])/2.0*(y[nt-1]+y[nt-1]+kt*(d-x[nt-1]));
while(1){
if (tailx+eps>=l) break;
len2=x[nt]-tailx;
if (len1<len2) tmpl=len1;
else tmpl=len2;
if (len1<len2){
tailx+=tmpl;
taily+=kt*tmpl;
nh+=1;
kh=((double)y[nh]-y[nh-1])/((double)x[nh]-x[nh-1]);

}
else{
tailx=x[nt];
taily=y[nt];
nt+=1;
kt=((double)y[nt]-y[nt-1])/((double)x[nt]-x[nt-1]);
}
}
printf("%.3lf\n",ans/(1.0*d));
}
return 0;
}



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5. 原帖地址：http://lvv2.com/t/341208娃娃地址：http://www.dannychoo.com/zh/post/27350/SMART+DOLL.html好像熊部有三个尺码可以定制（好邪恶），部件也可以选：充电宝、USB正在研究中，

6. 原帖地址：http://lvv2.com/t/341208娃娃地址：http://www.dannychoo.com/zh/post/27350/SMART+DOLL.html好像熊部有三个尺码可以定制（好邪恶），部件也可以选：充电宝、USB正在研究中，

7. 原帖地址：http://lvv2.com/t/341208娃娃地址：http://www.dannychoo.com/zh/post/27350/SMART+DOLL.html好像熊部有三个尺码可以定制（好邪恶），部件也可以选：充电宝、USB正在研究中，

8. 原帖地址：http://lvv2.com/t/341208娃娃地址：http://www.dannychoo.com/zh/post/27350/SMART+DOLL.html好像熊部有三个尺码可以定制（好邪恶），部件也可以选：充电宝、USB正在研究中，

9. 原帖地址：http://lvv2.com/t/341208娃娃地址：http://www.dannychoo.com/zh/post/27350/SMART+DOLL.html好像熊部有三个尺码可以定制（好邪恶），部件也可以选：充电宝、USB正在研究中，

10. 原帖地址：http://lvv2.com/t/341208娃娃地址：http://www.dannychoo.com/zh/post/27350/SMART+DOLL.html好像熊部有三个尺码可以定制（好邪恶），部件也可以选：充电宝、USB正在研究中，

11. 原帖地址：http://lvv2.com/t/341208娃娃地址：http://www.dannychoo.com/zh/post/27350/SMART+DOLL.html好像熊部有三个尺码可以定制（好邪恶），部件也可以选：充电宝、USB正在研究中，

12. 原帖地址：http://lvv2.com/t/341208娃娃地址：http://www.dannychoo.com/zh/post/27350/SMART+DOLL.html好像熊部有三个尺码可以定制（好邪恶），部件也可以选：充电宝、USB正在研究中，

13. 原帖地址：http://lvv2.com/t/341208娃娃地址：http://www.dannychoo.com/zh/post/27350/SMART+DOLL.html好像熊部有三个尺码可以定制（好邪恶），部件也可以选：充电宝、USB正在研究中，

14. 原帖地址：http://lvv2.com/t/341208娃娃地址：http://www.dannychoo.com/zh/post/27350/SMART+DOLL.html好像熊部有三个尺码可以定制（好邪恶），部件也可以选：充电宝、USB正在研究中，