2014
11-19

# LeetCode-Insert Interval[模拟]

### Insert Interval

Given a set of non-overlapping intervals, insert a new interval into the intervals (merge if necessary).

You may assume that the intervals were initially sorted according to their start times.

Example 1:
Given intervals [1,3],[6,9], insert and merge [2,5] in as [1,5],[6,9].

Example 2:
Given [1,2],[3,5],[6,7],[8,10],[12,16], insert and merge [4,9] in as [1,2],[3,10],[12,16].

This is because the new interval [4,9] overlaps with [3,5],[6,7],[8,10].

struct Interval {
int start;
int end;
Interval() : start(0), end(0) { }
Interval(int s, int e) : start(s), end(e) { }
};

//LeetCode, Insert Interval
// 时间复杂度O(n)，空间复杂度O(1)
class Solution {
public:
vector<Interval> insert(vector<Interval> &intervals, Interval newInterval) {
vector<Interval>::iterator it = intervals.begin();
while (it != intervals.end()) {
if (newInterval.end < it->start) {
intervals.insert(it, newInterval);
return intervals;
} else if (newInterval.start > it->end) {
it++;
continue;
} else {
newInterval.start = min(newInterval.start, it->start);
newInterval.end = max(newInterval.end, it->end);
it = intervals.erase(it);
}
}
intervals.insert(intervals.end(), newInterval);
return intervals;
}
};


Merge Intervals

1. 第一句可以忽略不计了吧。从第二句开始分析，说明这个花色下的所有牌都会在其它里面出现，那么还剩下♠️和♦️。第三句，可以排除2和7，因为在两种花色里有。现在是第四句，因为♠️还剩下多个，只有是♦️B才能知道答案。

2. a是根先忽略掉，递归子树。剩下前缀bejkcfghid和后缀jkebfghicd，分拆的原则的是每个子树前缀和后缀的节点个数是一样的，根节点出现在前缀的第一个，后缀的最后一个。根节点b出现后缀的第四个位置，则第一部分为四个节点，前缀bejk，后缀jkeb，剩下的c出现在后缀的倒数第2个，就划分为cfghi和 fghic，第3部分就为c、c